Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs): A Step-by-Step Complete Guide

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    Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs): A Step-by-Step Complete Guide

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    If you are unable to enter Canada via the Express Entry System, the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is a popular alternative for you.

    This program is a good choice for candidates with a lower CRS score or those who have a valid job offer from a Canadian employer.

    Here is everything you need to know to immigrate to Canada through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). It will cover the following:

    What is an Invitation to Apply (ITA)?
    What is a Comprehensive Ranking System Score (CRS Score )?
    What are the Provinces and Territories where I can immigrate to?

    What are the two ways for you to obtain permanent residence through the PNP?
    How can I apply through the Express Entry Process?
    Do I need an ECA report to apply for PNPs?
    Do I need an english Test (ex. IELTS) to apply for PNPs?
    What is the processing time for a PNP application?
    How much does it cost me to immigrate through a Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)?
    What documents do I need to submit to apply for PNP?
    How can I calculate my Provincial Nominee Program points?
    How can I increase my chances of receiving a nomination?
    If I don’t qualify for Express Entry, can I qualify for a PNP?
    What are the immigration streams available in each province where I may live permanently?

    provincial nominee program canada

    What is an Invitation to Apply (ITA)?

    An "Invitation to Apply" (also called a "Notification of Interest" or "Letter of Interest") is basically an invitation from a province to apply for nomination. When a province sends an invitation, it will also tell the candidate how long they have to send in their application. Depending on which program an applicant is invited through, the deadline will be different.

    What is a Comprehensive Ranking System Score (CRS Score)?

    To rank immigration candidates, the Canadian government developed a merit-based scoring system that assigns a score to each applicant in the Express Entry pool. The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is used for this, and the CRS score is the amount of points assigned to each candidate.

    Everyone who submits a profile to the Express Entry pool of applicants receives a maximum CRS score of 1200 points. Every two weeks, the Canadian government performs an Express Entry lottery in which the highest-ranking people get Invitations to Apply (ITAs) for permanent residence.

    Those who are unable to get an Invitation to Apply (ITA) due to a low CRS score can consider Provincial Nominee Program as an alternative immigration pathway.

    canada pnp provinces

    What are the Provinces and Territories where I can immigrate to?

    Every province and territory in Canada (except Quebec and Nunavut) runs its own Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) to attract immigrants who will help the local economy and population.

    If you want to apply as a provincial nominee for a certain province, you need first verify that you meet the requirements set out by that province.

    Below is the list of Provinces and Territories. Click in each province below to find Job opportunities.


    British Columbia


    New Brunswick

    Newfoundland and Labrador

    Northwest Territories

    Nova Scotia


    Prince Edward Island



    What are the two ways for you to obtain permanent residence through the PNP?

    1. Enhanced Nomination

    These are provincial nominations issued under the express-entry aligned streams. Each PNP has at least one express-entry aligned immigration stream.

    Enhanced PNP streams awards you additional 600 CRS points which guarantees you to get an invitation to apply in the next express entry draw.

    Your permanent residence application will also be processed much quicker, usually under six months.


    2. Base Stream

    With this stream, you can apply directly to a PNP stream. Once you get a provincial nomination, the federal government will handle your application for permanent residence.

    If you have a valid job offer from an employer in the province, your chances of getting a provincial nomination go up.

    You can get a job offer from a Canadian province by following the link below.

    Provincial Immigration to Canada

    How can I apply through the Express Entry Process?

    First you need to create an account and submit an Express Entry profile.

    Then search into each province's program requirements and apply to its Express Entry-aligned streams.

    If you have been invited to apply by a province and your application is successful, you will receive a provincial nomination.

    You will then receive 600 additional points which guarantees your Invitation to Apply (ITA).

    Finally, apply for Canadian permanent residence through the Express Entry system.

    Do I need an ECA report to apply for PNPs?

    Most PNPs required candidates to submit an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report to show his foreign credentials' Canadian equivalency.

    Learn the step-by-step process to get your ECA (You must be logged in)

    Check the eligibility criteria for the immigration stream you're applying for to see whether you need an ECA.

    Do I need an english Test (ex. IELTS) to apply for PNPs?

    Most PNPs require candidates to submit an english test report such as IELTS to apply for PNP. For this, you must submit your IELTS (International English Language Testing System) test scores.

    Each Provincial Nominee Program of Canada set its own minimum IELTS Score requirements to be eligible to apply.

    There are immigration streams where an IELTS report is not required.

    What is the processing time for a PNP application?

    Application for provincinal nominee program normally takes a few months to process depending on the province's requirements.

    There are two stages to the PNP application procedure for Canadian permanent residency. First, You need to submit an application to the province after which your application may be sent to the federal government for review. To get permanent residency in Canada, you must apply to the federal government.

    The length of time it takes to complete your permanent residence application will be determined by whether you applied for "base" or "enhanced" PNP application.

    ow much does it cost me to immigrate through a Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)?

    Below you can find the the fees if you are applying through a Provincial Nominee Program. On average, the cost is $2,300 – $3,800.

    While some provinces like Alberta do not charge any processing fees, others like Ontario might charge up to $1,500 CAD.

    • Educational Credential Assessment (ECA): around $200 (Only if applicable)
    • Language proficiency test: around $300 (Only if applicable)
    • Biometrics: $85 per person
    • Government fees: $1,325 per adult ($225 per child)
    • Medical examination fees: around $450 per adult ($250 per child)
    • Police clearance certificates: around $100
    • Provincial Nominee Program processing fees: Up to $1500

    What documents do I need to submit to apply for PNP?

    You must show proof of your eligibility for the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) you are submitting an application to. The majority of provinces usually require:

    • Educational credential assessment (ECA) Report (Only if applicable)
    • Language Test Report (Only if applicable)
    • Proof of work experience
    • Settlement funds (in a form of a Bank Draft for example)
    • Birth Certificates
    • Marriage contract (if applicable)

    Most provinces require a letter of intention which indicates your intention to live and settle in that province.

    How can I calculate my Provincial Nominee Program points?

    Each province has its own set of standards for applying and being invited, hence their own point systems vary.

    Candidates are awarded points based on several factors including their age, years of work experience, level of education, language proficiency, and ties to the province.

    It is important to note that not all programs use points system to rank and select candidates.

    How can I increase my chances of receiving a nomination?

    1. Having a valid job offer can significantly increase your chances of being invited by a province through an Express Entry PNP.

    2. If you want your Express Entry profile to stand out to potential employers, you should indicate your interest in more than one province when you fill out your express entry profile.

    3. Studying and gaining employment in Canada also increases your chances of having a provincial nomination.

    Apply and get a Canadian Job Offer to receive additional 50 to 200 points

    Apply Jobs in Alberta

    Apply Jobs in British Columbia

    Apply Jobs in Manitoba

    Apply Jobs in New Brunswick

    Apply Jobs in Newfoundland and Labrador

    Apply Jobs in Northwest Territories

    Apply Jobs in Nova Scotia

    Apply Jobs in Nunavut

    Apply Jobs in Ontario

    Apply Jobs in Prince Edwards Island

    Apply Jobs in Quebec

    Apply Jobs in Saskatchewan

    Apply Jobs in Yukon

    If I don’t qualify for Express Entry, can I qualify for a PNP?

    For most PNPs, you need to have an active express entry profile however there are some exceptions to this rule. For example, some provinces nominate candidates even if they are not eligible for Express Entry.

    After sending in a PNP and receiving a provincial nomination, you must send the federal government an application to become a permanent resident.

    provincial nomination canada

    What are the immigration streams available in each province where I may live permanently?


    Alberta is home to the largest population of Canada's Prairie Provinces and is also home to some of the most beautiful national parks in North America. Prospective immigrants with the correct balance of skills and work experience may acquire their Alberta Provincial Nomination Certificate via the Alberta Advantage Immigrant Program and establish permanent residence in Alberta.

    Alberta Advantage Nominee Program (AANP)

    The Alberta Advantage Nominee Program (AANP) is an economic program that lets people stay in Alberta permanently if they can fill job openings or if they plan to buy or start a business in the province.

    If you are nominated through the AINP, you, your spouse or common-law partner, and your dependent children may be able to apply for permanent resident status.

    Remember that the AANP can only recommend candidates to apply. Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is in charge of all applications, and the federal government makes the final decisions on all of them.

    Here is a list of Alberta Immigration streams

    • Alberta Opportunity Stream

    For skilled workers in Alberta who are already working in an eligible occupation in Alberta.

    • Alberta General Express Entry Stream

    For people in the Express Entry (EE) system who are working in an eligible occupation and have a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score of at least 300.

    • Alberta Accelerated Tech Pathway

    Is part of the Express Entry stream and is open to candidates who are currently working in Alberta's technology industry or who have been offered a job in one of 38 jobs in that industry.

    Check the Eligible Occupations here

    • Rural Renewal Stream

    Is for applicants who has a job offer from an Alberta employer to work in a rural area of Alberta.


    British Columbia is one of Canada's most culturally and diverse provinces. It is also home to Vancouver, Canada's third largest city. The economy of British Columbia is mostly based on its natural resources, especially in the logging and mining industries.

    It has a climate along the coast that is unlike anywhere else on Earth, and its huge forests are some of the most beautiful in all of Canada.

    British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BCPNP)

    The British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BCPNP) is designed to allow the province to nominate and invite candidates who have the necessary skills and experience to live and work in British Columbia. This program attracts talented foreign workers, healthcare professionals, international graduates and post-graduates.

    Here is a list of New British Columbia Immigration streams

    • Skills Immigration Stream

    The Skills Immigration stream is for Skilled workers, healthcare workers, international graduates and university graduates, and lowand middle-skilled workers

    • Express Entry British Columbia Stream

    The Express Entry British Columbia Stream is for Skilled workers, medical professionals, foreign undergraduates, and graduate students. The Skills Immigration Stream has several categories which are the following:

    A. Skilled Worker Category

    This category is for people who have been offered a job in a skilled occupation that qualifies. Workers in skilled jobs should have at least a few years of experience.

    B. Healthcare Professional Category

    Under this category, people who are doctors, nurses, psychiatric nurses, or allied health professionals with experience and eligible job offers can apply. You must get a job offer for one of 11 health occupations that qualify.

    C. International Graduate Category

    This category is for people who have graduated from a Canadian college or university in the last three years. To be eligible for this subcategory, you must have a job offer from a BC employer.

    D. International Post-Graduate Category

    This category is for people who have a Master's or Doctoral degree in a natural, applied, or health science program from a British Columbia school that meets the requirements. To apply for this subcategory, you don't need a job offer.

    E. Entry Level and Semi-Skilled Worker Category

    Through this program, people who work in certain entry-level or semi-skilled jobs in tourism/hospitality, food processing, or long-haul trucking, or who live and work in the Northeast Development Region of British Columbia, may be able to move to Canada.

    Here is British Columbia High Opportunity Occupation Over the next 10 years 

    If you have skills and work experience in Technology, the BC PNP Tech is a good option for you.

    Check here for BC PNP Tech Eligible Occupations


    The province of Manitoba, which sits in the middle of Canada and has the fifth-highest population, is home to beautiful fields, flourishing towns, the aurora borealis, polar bears, the famous Canadian Museum for Human Rights, and some of the world's most stunning sunsets.

    Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)

    The Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP) permits foreign people with the necessary skills and experience to become permanent residents of Canada. This Provincial Nominee Program aims to be responsive to both the province's labour market demands and its larger economic goals. If you're interested about what the province is searching for, check out their list of Occupations In-Demand.

    This list below is regularly updated and indicates the province’s current priorities.

    Check the Manitoba In-Demand Occupations List

    Here is a list of Manitoba Immigration streams

    • Skilled Worker in Manitoba Stream

    This stream is for qualified temporary foreign workers and international graduates who are already working in Manitoba and have been offered a permanent, full-time job by a Manitoba employer.

    • Skilled Worker Overseas Stream

    This stream is for qualified skilled workers who are not in Canada but have strong ties to the province. This category may also be open to skilled workers who are already in Canada.

    • Manitoba Business Investor Stream

    For people who want to start a business in Manitoba

    • International Education Stream

    This stream is for people from outside of Canada who have graduated from a post-secondary school in Manitoba and want to live there permanently.

    • Morden Community Driven Initiative

    This stream is for welders, carpenters, cooks, plumbers, and pipefitters who want to settle down in the small town of Morden


    New Brunswick, one of Canada's smallest provinces, has a far cheaper cost of living and a much better employment market than its larger counterparts in the country.

    Those moving to New Brunswick might choose to set up shop in a sleepy little hamlet or one of the province's big urban regions like Fredericton, Saint John, or Moncton. Lakes, rivers, and other scenic areas around the province are popular destinations for visitors.

    New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NB PNP)

    The New Brunswick Provincial Nomination Program lets immigrants who have the skills and experience the government is looking for get a New Brunswick provincial nomination certificate. After getting this nomination, foreigners can apply for permanent residency in Canada.

    Here is a list of New Brunswick Immigration streams

    • Express Entry Stream

    This stream lets the NBPNP use the federal Express Entry system to choose immigrants to meet the needs of New Brunswick's labour market and population. The "Expression of Interest" model is used for this stream.

    • Skilled Workers Stream

    Under this category, New Brunswick will accept applications from people who have been given a full-time, permanent job offer by a New Brunswick employer.

    • Strategic Initiative Stream

    This stream is for French-speaking workers who have the skills, education, and work experience to help the economy of the province and who want to live and work there permanently.

    Check the In-Demand Jobs in New Brunswick


    When it comes to immigration to Canada, Ontario is by far the list of destination. Thirty percent of all yearly immigrants to the province settle.

    The province of Ontario has drawn immigrants because of its many attractive job opportunities, high per capita income, and culturally diverse population. In reality, more than half of Toronto's population was born in a nation other than Canada.

    Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)

    The Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) is designed to allow the province to nominate and invite individuals who have the necessary skills and experience to live and work in Ontario.

    program targets foreign skilled workers, entrepreneurs, international graduates who can help resolve the province’s skill shortages.

    Here is a list of Ontario Immigration streams

    • Human Capital Priorities Stream

    This stream includes the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) and Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

    • Skilled Trades Stream

    For those with relevant Ontario work experience in an eligible trade occupation.

    • French-Speaking Skilled Worker

    For applicants who have strong skills in both French and English.

    • Foreign Worker Stream

    For skilled workers who have valid job offer in an employer in Ontario

    Check the Ontario’s Employer Job Offer: In-Demand Skills Stream Eligible Occupations

    • International Students

    For international graduates in a post-secondary institution in Ontario

    • In-demand Skills Stream

    For intermediate skilled workers in certain industries like agriculture, construction, personal support workers and trucking.

    Check the In-Demand Skilled Trade Jobs in Ontario in Ontario


    Saskatchewan is a Prairie province in Western Canada. Its economy is based mostly on agriculture and important natural resource industries such as forestry and fishing. It is home to two major cities, Saskatoon and Regina, as well as vast stretches of unspoiled wilderness.

    Also, Saskatchewan is popular for many tourists for its magnificent display of Aurora Borealis, also known as the Northern Lights, which is a display of lights moving across the northern skies in a wave of colors.

    Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)

    The Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) is an immigration pathway allowing foreign nationals to become Canadian permanent residents. The SINP has a number of categories and subcategories for aspiring immigrants.

    Here is a list of Saskatchewan Immigration streams

    • Saskatchewan Express Entry

    This stream is for candidates already in the IRCC Express Entry pool and have skilled work experience in an in-demand occupation in Saskatchewan

    • Occupations In Demand

    This stream is intended for highly skilled professionals who have expertise in a high-demand occupation in Saskatchewan but do not yet have a job offer in the province.

    • Employment Offer

    This stream is for skilled workers who have a job offer from an employer in Saskatchewan.

    • Tech Talent Pathway

    This pathway is for highly skilled workers with a job offer from a Saskatchewan employer in one of 11 tech occupations.


    Newfoundland, the most easterly point of North America, where the sun rises and the colors are more intense, is looking for qualified professionals and post-graduates to help the Atlantic province's economy continue to thrive.

    The province has abundant natural resources including miles of unspoiled coasts, breaching whales, and stunning icebergs.

    Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP)

    The The Provincial Nominee Program of Newfoundland and Labrador (NLPNP) assists the province in nominating suitable candidates for permanent status. This Program nominates thousands of immigration candidates each year through one of its three categories.

    The NLPNP makes it easy for people who are eligible and want to live in Newfoundland and Labrador permanently to do so. Those who apply through the NLPNP will also get help from the province's Immigration Program Development Officers, who will walk applicants through the whole process.

    Here is a list of Newfoundland and Labrador Immigration streams

    • Express Entry Skilled Worker

    Skilled workers with a guaranteed job offer in NOC Skill Level 0, A, or B professions who are in the federal Express Entry pool may be able to apply for the Express Entry Skilled Worker stream.

    • Skilled Worker

    The Skilled Worker stream of NLNP welcomes experienced workers of all NOC Skill Levels with a guaranteed job offer from a Newfoundland and Labrador employer to apply for provincial nomination. The applicant must have a specialized skill set that meets the needs of the employer from which they receive a full-time job offer.

    • International Graduate

    If you are a recent graduate with a Post-Graduate Work Permit and a job or job offer from a Newfoundland and Labrador business, you fall into this group.

    • International Entrepreneur Category

    This category is intended for foreign nationals with business ownership and management expertise who want to invest in acquiring and operating a company in Newfoundland and Labrador. Applicants must have prior corporate management experience as well as a substantial personal net worth.

    • International Graduate Entrepreneur Category

    This category is intended for foreign nationals who have completed a two-year post-secondary degree in Newfoundland and Labrador and have at least one year of experience operating and managing a company in the province.


    The Northwest Territories, situated in northern Canada, is one of the most sought-after immigration destinations owing to its excellent employment market and the highest median family income in the country.

    If you desire to live in the Northwest Territories, the Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP) may help you get there.

    Northwest Territories’ Provincial Nominee Program (NTNP)

    The Northwest Territories’ Provincial Nominee Program (NTNP) allow skilled, semi-skilled, and low-skilled to settle permanently in Canada.

    Here is a list of Northwest Territories Immigration streams

    • Express Entry Stream

    Foreign nationals who have been accepted to Citizenship and Immigration Canada's Express Entry Pool may apply for the Northwest Territories Express Entry stream. Only candidates who have been accepted into the Express Entry Pool and have been assigned an Express Entry Profile Number and a Job Seeker Validation Code are eligible for this stream.

    • Skilled Worker Stream

    The Skilled Worker Stream is part of the NTNP’s Employer Driven immigration program that aims to nominate qualified individuals from other countries who can help fill job shortages in the NWT. This stream is employer-driven, which implies that suitable candidates for permanent residence will be sponsored by employers operating in the NWT.

    • Critical Impact Worker Stream

    This stream was created to assist businesses in the Northwest Territories with substantial labour shortages that cannot be met by locals or Canadians. The province target semi-skilled and unskilled workers.

    • Self-employed Business Category

    Under this stream, the NTNP accepts applications from businessmen and/or company owners who wish to establish a business in the Northwest Territories. Companies from all economic sectors are invited to apply; however, applications from enterprises that will introduce a new product or one that would greatly benefit the Northwest Territories will be emphasized.


    Nova Scotia is one of Canada's four Atlantic Provinces, consisting largely of a peninsula with a few surrounding islands.

    It is home to the magnificent Bay of Fundy, which is one of the most visited sites in Canada due to its spectacular high and low tides and whale watching.

    Halifax, the capital, is well-known for its dynamic waterfront, the star-shaped Citadel, and the historic Mooseheads ice hockey team.

    Nova Scotia Provincial Nominee Program (NSNP)

    The Nova Scotia Provincial Nominee Program is intended to attract and keep in immigrants who may help fill vacancies in the labour force and make significant contributions to local economies and communities.

    Here is a list of Nova Scotia Immigration streams

    • Nova Scotia Experience: Express Entry Stream

    This stream chooses highly skilled individuals who want to permanently reside in Nova Scotia.

    • Skilled Worker Stream

    This stream helps employers find foreign worker and recently graduated international students with skills that are needed in Nova Scotia. Employers who do not find permanent residents or Canadian citizens resort to hiring candidates from outside Canada.

    • Nova Scotia Labour Market Priorities

    This stream chooses potential candidates in the federal Express Entry system that can help fill provincial labour market needs.

    • Physician Stream

    This stream helps the Nova Scotia Health Authority (NSHA) and the Izaak Walton Killam Health Centre (IWK) to recruit and retain physicians with the necessary abilities for roles that have been unable to be filled by a permanent resident or a Canadian citizen.

    • Entrepreneur Stream

    The Entrepreneur Stream is intended for business owners or executives who want to migrate to Nova Scotia.

    • International Graduate Entrepreneur

    The International Graduate Entrepreneur Stream is open to recent international graduates of a Nova Scotia university or community college and is by invitation only.


    Yukon, with a population of little over 30,000 people, is in desperate need of foreign qualified employees to supply the strong demand for skilled and semi-skilled jobs.

    Yukon is well-known for its mineral richness, low population, and vast tracts of unspoilt wilderness.

    Whitehorse, Yukon's capital city, is home to more than two-thirds of the entire population. Almost one-third of the population is of indigenous heritage.

    Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)

    The Yukon Nominee Program (YNP) allows foreign skilled workers to become permanent residents of Canada.


    Here is a list of Yukon Immigration streams

    • Yukon Skilled Worker

    The Yukon Skilled Worker stream nominates foreign skilled workers with a valid job offer from a Yukon employer. With a provincial nomination from this stream, candidates can apply directly for Canadian permanent residence from IRCC.

    • Yukon Express Entry

    The Yukon Express Entry stream allows candidates with an active Express Entry profile and a valid job offer from a Yukon employer to apply for a provincial nomination from Yukon. This program is aligned with the federal Express Entry immigration system allowing successful candidates to have their immigration applications processed more quickly.

    • Yukon Critical Impact Worker

    The Yukon Critical Impact Worker stream allows candidates with have a valid job offer under the National Occupational Classification (NOC) C or D categories to immigrate to Canada.

    • Yukon Business Nominee

    The Yukon Business Nominee stream offers a pathway to permanent residence for candidates with company and entrepreneurial skills who want to establish and operate a business in the Yukon. In addition to completing the program's other conditions, applicants must have a minimum net worth of $500,000 CAD.

    • Yukon Community Program

    The Yukon Community Pilot is intended to offer companies in Yukon towns more flexibility in order to accommodate the seasonal nature of employment in the territory. This initiative aims to create a functioning labour market outside of Whitehorse by attracting people who can show a long-term commitment to a qualifying locality. Candidates who meet the qualifications will be issued a 2-year location-restricted open work permit.

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