Express Entry Canada: A Step-by-Step Complete Guide

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    Express Entry Canada: A Step-by-Step Complete Guide


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    Express Entry is the quickest and most popular pathway for candidates seeking a new life in Canada as a permanent resident.
    Every year, around 120,000 skilled workers enter Canada via the Express Entry system.

    Big News! Canada reveals plan to welcome 500,000 immigrants per year by 2025!

    Here is a Step-By-Step Guide with all the information you will need to immigrate to Canada through Express Entry. It will cover the following:

    What is Express Entry?
    Am I eligible to apply under the Express Entry System?
    What are the Minimum Requirements to apply through Express Entry?
    How much does it cost me to apply through Express Entry?
    How much is the Proof of Funds (Settlement Funds) required to apply through Express Entry?
    How long does Express Entry take?
    How many points do I need to apply through Express Entry?
    How can I improve my CRS score?
    How can I Immigrate to Canada Under Express Entry with CRS Score of 300 and below?
    What do I need to create an Express Entry Profile?
    Is IELTS required for Express Entry? What are the minimum score requirement?
    What is the Step-by-Step process to apply under the Express Entry System?



    express entry canada immigration

    What is Express Entry?

    Express Entry is an online system used to manage immigration applications under the following federal economic immigration programs. 

    Federal Skilled Worker Program

    Federal Skilled Trade Program

    Canadian Experience Class



    Am I eligible to apply under the Express Entry System?


    Anyone who has a college or university degree, skilled work experience, and a good level of English and/or French.



    What are the Minimum Requirements to apply through Express Entry?



    Education

    An Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) Report for Immigration Purposes.

    You can get your ECA Report assessed by WES (which is a Designated Organization). You will receive a report which shows the Canadian equivalency of your credential.

     


    Work Experience

    1. You must have worked in 1 of these National Occupational Classification (NOC) job groups.

    You can determine your NOC Code through the link below:

    2021 NOC Codes & TEER Categories



    2. You must have at least 1 year of continuous work or 1,560 hours total (30 hours per week).
    You can obtain this through any of the following:

     

    • Full-time at 1 job: 30 hours/week for 12 months (equivalent to 1 year full-time or 1,560 hours)

    • Equal amount in part-time work: for instance, 15 hours/week for 24 months = 1 year full time (1,560 hours). Note that you are allowed to have as many part-time jobs as are necessary to meet this requirement.

    • Full-time at more than 1 job: 30 hours/week for 12 months at more than 1 job (equivalent to 1 year full-time or 1,560 hours)



    Language Ability

    You must submit a language proficiency test in English or French for reading, writing, listening and speaking and get a minimum score of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 in all 4 abilities.

    Your language test report is valid for two years from the date it was given.




    How much does it cost me to apply through Express Entry?


    The cost to apply through express entry is about $2,300 CAD for a single applicant or about $4,500 CAD for a couple. Below is a breakdown of the cost:

    • Educational Credential Assessment (ECA): Around $200

    • Language tests: Around $300

    • Processing Fee: $1,325 per adult & $225 per child

    • Right of permanent residence fee: $515

    • Biometrics: $85 per person

    • Medical Exam fees: Around $450 per adult & $250 per child

    • Police clearance certificates: Around $50 to $100



    express entry immigration to canada


    How much is the Proof of Funds (Settlement Funds) required to apply through Express Entry?

    Below shows the minimum amount you need to immigrate to Canada under the Express Entry System (effective June 9, 2022).

    • $13,310 - Single applicant
    • $16,570 - 2 applicants
    • $20,371 - 3 applicants
    • $24,733 - 4 applicants
    • $28,052 - 5 applicants
    • $31,638 - 6 applicants
    • $35,224 - 7 applicants
    • $3,586 - for each additional family member



    How long does Express Entry take?

    Express Express application on average is 6 months. If you don't receive an Invitation to apply within 12 months, you can resubmit your profile and remain in the pool for another 12 months.

    1. First you create an Express Entry Profile. Your profile will stay in the express entry pool for 12 months

     



     


    2. Upon receipt of an Invitation to Apply (ITA), you'll have 60 days to submit a complete application.

    3. When the IRCC receives your application for a permanent resident visa, it may take about six months to process your application.




    How many points do I need to apply through Express Entry?

    In order to submit an Express Entry Profile, you need to score at least 67 points in the Six Selection Factor. You can compute your score here.

    Once in the Express Entry Pool, you need to meet the CRS Cut-Off score to be able to lodge a complete Express Entry application.

    On average, the CRS cut-off score is around 430 to 550. (Cut-off score can be as low as 410 and as high as 700).

    You can calculate your CRS score in the link below.

    CRS Score Calculator




    How can I improve my CRS score?


    There are several ways you can do to improve your CRS score in order to get an Invitation to Apply for Permanent residence under the Express Entry System.

    1. Get a Canadian Job Offer

    You can get between 50 and 200 more points if you have a valid Job Offer from a Canadian employer.

    Visit Canada Career Site to apply for Canadian Jobs and receive a Job Offer. Also, create a profile to try to connect with Canadian employers in your field and receive new Job Orders directly on your inbox.


    2. Improve your English Proficiency Score by retaking an IELTS

    You need to get at least CLB 7 which is at least 6.0 on each language ability on the IELTS to be eligible for Express Entry under the Federal Skilled Worker program. But if you get a CLB 9.0 in all of the language ability, you can get up to 260 Express Entry points just for your language skills.


    A CLB level of 9.0 means a score of:

    • Reading: 7.0

    • Writing: 7.0

    • Speaking: 7.0

    • Listening: 8.0

    You can take the IELTS as many times as you want. You can even add new IELTS test scores to your Express Entry profile after you have sent it to the pool.


    3. Improve Education level 

    Taking up a Master's Degree and obtaining a Master's Degree Canadian Equivalence will drastically improve your CRS Score.


    4. Gain More Work Experience

    Gaining more work experience will improve your skills transferability combinations and so increase your overall CRS Score.


    5. Apply for Provincial Nominee

    Getting a Provincial Nomination from a province will award you additional 600 points which guarantees your Invitation to Apply (ITA) certificate in the succeeding Express Entry draw.


    6. Get points by learning French

    You can get as high as 24 points for providing a French Test Report as your secondary language. This also improves your score in the Skill transferability factors, hence increasing your overall CRS Score.


    7. Sibling in Canada

    You can get additional 15 points if you have a sibling who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident living in Canada


    8. Study in Canada

    You can get additional 15 points for having a 1 or 2-year diploma or certificate in Canada.

    You can get additional 30 points for having degree, diploma or certificate of 3 years or longer or a Master's or PhD degree of 1 academic year.


    express entry to canada


    How can I Immigrate to Canada Under Express Entry with CRS Score of 300 and below?

    1. Valid Job Offer

    You can get as high as 200 points with a valid job offer from a canadian employer.

    • Senior managerial positions (Teer 0): 200 points

    • All other Positions (Teer 1, 2, 3, 4, 5): 50 points



    2021 NOC Codes & TEER Categories

    Apply and get a Canadian Job Offer to receive additional 50 to 200 points

    Apply Jobs in Alberta

    Apply Jobs in British Columbia

    Apply Jobs in Manitoba

    Apply Jobs in New Brunswick

    Apply Jobs in Newfoundland and Labrador

    Apply Jobs in Northwest Territories

    Apply Jobs in Nova Scotia

    Apply Jobs in Nunavut

    Apply Jobs in Ontario

    Apply Jobs in Prince Edwards Island

    Apply Jobs in Quebec

    Apply Jobs in Saskatchewan

    Apply Jobs in Yukon



    2. Provincial Nominee Program

    You can get additional 600 points with a provincial nomination guaranteeing an Invitation to Apply (ITA).



    What do I need to create an Express Entry Profile?

    If you wish to apply through Express Entry, you can start by obtaining the following items:


    1. Passport

    Make sure your passport is valid and not expired


    2. Educational Credentials Assessment (ECA)

    You can get an ECA report from WES which takes about 35 business days after all documents have been received, reviewed, and approved, and full payment has been made.

    Your WES ECA is valid for five years from the date it was issued. If you submit a new Express Entry profile, you can still use your ECA.
     

     


    3. Language Test

    You must submit an official test report to prove your proficiency in either english or french. You can get an IELTS General Training exam or the CELPIP General exam

    Book your IELTS exam with British Council

    Book your IELTS exam with IDP

    Book your CELPIP exam





    Is IELTS required for Express Entry? What are the minimum score requirement?


    Yes. You need to upload an official test report on your Express Entry profile. 

    A minimum of CLB level 7 in each language ability of the French or English language exam is required.


    For IELTS

    • Reading 6.0

    • Writing 6.0

    • Speaking 6.0

    • Listening 6.0

     



    What is the step by step process to apply under the Express Entry System?

    Step ​1. Determine your NOC Code

    You need to make sure that your work experience, as defined by the National Occupational Classification (NOC) system, is eligible for Express Entry. Go to the link below to find your NOC Code.

    2021 NOC Codes & TEER Categories


    Step 2. Obtain an ECA Report

    You need to submit an Educational Credential Assessment report from a recognized institution. Your ECA report will show the Canadian equivalency of your foreign education.

    Check the step-by-step video below to get your ECA report.


     



    Step 3. Obtain your Language Test Report

    You need to submit an official English and/or French test report and score at least a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level of 7.

    Book your IELTS exam with British Council

    Book your IELTS exam with IDP

    Book your CELPIP exam



    Step 4. Find out if you are eligible to Express Entry

    Express Entry has 3 main categories. FSWP, FSTP and CEC. Check your eligibility in any of these categories below.




    Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) Eligibility Criteria

    To be eligible to the FSWP, you must score at least 67 out of 100 points on the following grid.

    Compute your score using the grid below.

    Education (Max of 25 points)

    • Secondary / High School Diploma - 5 points
    • Post-secondary credential of 1 year - 15 points
    • Post-secondary credential of 2 years - 19 points
    • Post-secondary credential of at least 3 years - 21 points
    • Two 2 or more post-secondary credentials (one must be for a program of at least three years) - 22 points
    • Master's degree OR professional degree - 23 points
    • Doctoral (PhD) degree - 25 points

     

    Work Experience (Max of 15 points)

    • At least 1 year - 9 points
    • 2 to 3 years - 11 points
    • 4 to 5 years - 13 points
    • 6 years or more - 15 points



    Language Proficiency (Max of 28 points)

    (CLB 9 or higher)
    Speaking: 6.0 | Listening: 6.0 |  Reading: 6.0 | Writing: 6.0

    (CLB 8)
    Speaking: 5.0 | Listening: 5.0 |  Reading: 5.0 | Writing: 5.0

    (CLB 7)
    Speaking: 4.0 | Listening: 4.0 |  Reading: 4.0 | Writing: 4.0


    Age (Max of 12 points)

    • Under 18 - 0 points
    • 18 to 35 - 12 points
    • 36 - 11 points
    • 37 - 10 points
    • 38 - 9 points
    • 39 - 8 points
    • 40 - 7 points
    • 41 - 6 points
    • 42 - 5 points
    • 43 - 4 points
    • 44 - 3 points
    • 45 - 2 points
    • 46 - 1 points
    • 47 and older - 0


    Valid Canadian Job Offer (Max of 10 points)

    You can get 10 points for having a full-time job offer of at least one year from a Canadian employer. The valid job offer has to be for continuous, paid, full-time work that is not seasonal and in an occupation listed as 0, 1, 2 or 3.

    2021 NOC Codes & TEER Categories


    Adaptability (Max of 10 points)

    You can get a maximum of 10 points for Adaptability




    Federal Skilled Trade Program (FSTP) Eligibility Criteria

    To be eligible for the Federal Skilled Trades program, you must:




    Canadian Experience Class (CEC) - Eligibility Criteria


    To be eligible to the Canadian Experience Class, you must:

    • Have at least one year of NOC TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3 work experience in Canada (either full-time, 30 hours a week, or an equivalent amount of part-time, at least 15 hours a week) within the last three years

    • Have recieved your work experience in Canada legally (with a work permit)

    • Have the minimum language levels needed for your job in each of the four language skills (writing, speaking, listening, and reading): CLB7 for NOC I Skill Type/Level 0 or A (2016 NOC version), OR (ii) TEER 0 or 1 (2021 NOC version), or CLB5 for NOC I Skill Level B (2016 NOC version), OR (ii) TEER 2 or 3 (2021 NOC version).

    • Not intend to live in the province of Quebec


    Note! You don't need to have a certain level of education. But you can get more CRS points if you have a degree, diploma, or certificate. If your diploma is not from Canada, you will need to request for an ECA.


    S
    tep 5. Compute your Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score

    Click the link below to obtain your CRS score. A new page will open up in a new tab for you to fill out the form completely and you will receive an email with your CRS score and also provide you the pathways that is best fit for you.

    CRS Score Calculator


    Step 6. Enter the Express Entry Pool

    Everyone who enters their profile in the Express Entry pool of candidates gets a CRS score of up to 1200 points. Every two weeks, the Canadian government holds an Express Entry draw. Candidates with the highest scores get Invitations to Apply (ITAs) for permanent residency.


    Step 7. Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA)

    You will get an Invitation to Apply (ITA) if you meet the CRS Cut-off score. You will then have 60 days to submit a complete application for canadian permanent residence.


    Step 8. Gather the Required Documents

    The following are the documents that you need to gather in order to submit a PR application online.



    Step 9. Receive an Acknowledgement of Receipt (​AoR)

    After you have submitted all of the required documents, the system will direct you to the Declaration, Disclosure, and Electronic Signature pages. You may pay your fees using a credit card (Visa, Mastercard, AMEX).

    After which you will receive an "Acknowledgement of Receipt (AOR)," which is proof that Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) received your application for permanent residence in Canada.

    Below is a list of the cost

    • Processing Fee for you (and your family): $850 per person and $230 for each dependent child

    • Right of Permanent Residence Fee:  $515 per person and there is no fee for dependent children

    • Biometrics fee: $85 per applicant and $170 for a family applying jointly



    Step 10. Receive a Passport Request (PPR) and finally your CoPR

    You will get your Passport Request (PPR) straight to your registered e-mail address after the results of your medical and background check. Note that you may not see an update in your Express Entry profile.

    You will then obtain your Confirmation of Permanent Residence (CoPR) which you may use to enter Canada.





    Here's What You Can Read Next


    Calculate your CRS


    Over 1 Million Job Opportunities in Canada: Find Your In-Demand Job Today!


    How to get a Job Offer for Canadian Immigration


    Express Entry Completeness Check for Canada Immigration


    How to secure a Work permit through Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)


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